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Magnesium Alloy


AZ 61 Magnesium

AZ 61 Magnesium
  • AZ 61 Magnesium
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Approx. Price: Rs 3,100 / PieceGet Latest Price

Magnesium (Mg) is strong, stiff, and lightweight, making it the most widely used element in engineered structures after iron and aluminum. Its strength and stiffness can be further improved when alloyed with aluminum.

Nevertheless, bulk mechanical properties rely greatly on chemical composition and thermomechanical history, as these factors influence microstructure. This article discusses the application of nanoindentation to measure the properties of individual phases within a commercially available alloy, AZ 61.

AZ 61 Magnesium Alloy

AZ 61 contains aluminum (nominally 6%), zinc (nominally 1%), and other trace elements. Table 1 summarizes the chemical composition for AZ 61. The presence of zinc and other trace elements has little impact on the microstructure, and the phase diagram is used to deduce the composition of slowly cooled AZ 61.

At 6% aluminum, the Mg-Al phase diagram deduces the interaction of two phases: an α phase that is Mg-rich and a β phase comprising the intermetallic compound Al12Mg17.

Table 1. Chemical composition of magnesium AZ 61 alloy [2].

Element% by mass

When the alloy cools from the liquid state, the α phase starts solidifying at about 620°C and the solidification process completes at 540°C, at which point the material exists completely in the α phase. The precipitation of the β phase begins at around 300°C and the mass fraction of this secondary phase keeps on increasing as the temperature continues to decrease. At temperatures less than 100°C, the β phase represents about 7.5% of the alloy.


The Keysight Express Test option is used in this analysis due to its ability to achieve unprecedented testing speeds by implementing conventional indentation testing in an innovative way. Express Test carries out one complete indentation cycle per second, which includes approach, contact detection, load, unload, and movement to the next indentation site.

Express Test can quantitatively ‘map’ the elastic modulus and the hardness of a surface in a reasonable time. This quality is especially advantageous for analyzing multiphase metals like AZ 61.


  • Type Rods Bars Pellets
  • Surface Finish GRINDED
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AZ 31 Magnesium

AZ 31 Magnesium
  • AZ 31 Magnesium
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Approx. Price: Rs 3,200 / KilogramGet Latest Price
Technical Data Sheet

Chemical Composition Limits
Weight %AlZnMnSiCuCaFeNiOthersMg
2.5 - 3.50.7 - 1.30.2 min0.05 max0.05 max0.04 max0.005 max0.005 max0.30 max totalbal

AZ31B is a wrought magnesium alloy with good room-temperature strength and ductility combined with corrosion resistance and weldability. AZ31B finds application in wide variety of uses including aircraft fuselages, cell phone and laptop cases, speaker cones and concrete tools. AZ31B can be superformed at elevated temperatures to produce a wide variety of intricate components for automotive uses.

AZ31 is also available as tooling plate which is specially produced to provide a flat plate surface. The production process of AZ31-TP also results in plate with exceptional dimensional stability in machining. This allows for the manufacture of very complex parts but also components which benefit from the dimensional stability such as jigs, fixtures, optical benches, vibration test equipment and inspection gauges.

  • Type Rods Bars
  • Surface Finish GRINDED
Typical Mechanical Properties

MaterialConditionThickness "Tensile StrengthYield Strength 0.2 %Elongation in 4D (%)
Magnesium Alloy AZ31B Sheet
Cold Rolled, partially annealed0.016 - 0.24939296
Magnesium Alloy AZ31B SheetCold Rolled, partially annealed0.249 - 0.37438268
Magnesium Alloy AZ31B SheetCold Rolled, partially annealed0.374 - 0.50037248
Magnesium Alloy AZ31B SheetCold Rolled, partially annealed0.500 - 1.0036228
Magnesium Alloy AZ31B SheetCold Rolled, partially annealed1.00 - 2.0034208
Magnesium Alloy AZ31B SheetCold Rolled, partially annealed2.00 - 3.0034188
Magnesium Alloy AZ31B
Tooling Plate
Tooling Plate351910
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Gun Metal

Gun Metal
  • Gun Metal
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Approx. Price: Rs 1,100 / KilogramGet Latest Price
Gun Metal, a bronze, an alloy of copper, tin, and a small amount of zinc. Although originally used extensively for making guns (from which it received its name), it has been superseded by steel, and it is now chiefly employed in casting machine parts. The so-called 88–10–2 (copper-tin-zinc) alloy is the "government bronze," composed of 88% copper, 10% tin, and 2% zinc. The percentages of the three elements are varied slightly in gunmetals produced for different purposes. The metal commonly called gunmetal today is very often steel treated to simulate the bronze alloy. In other cases, copper and tin are used alone; in still others, copper, tin, and lead are used.

Aluminum Secondary Services Shearing, Width Capabilities: 7" (178mm) - 62" (1575 mm) Shearing, Length Capabilities: Up to 192" (4876 mm) Shearing, Loading Gauge: Up to 0.080" (2.0 mm) Slitting, Width Capabilities: 0.75" (19 mm) min Slitting, Loading Gauge: Up to 0.100" (2.5 mm) Other Secondary Services: Protective peel-able films International packaging Perforating and embossing Sustainability and LEED Recycled Content: 100% recyclable Reclaimed > 90.0% 201112 Mill06 Volatile Organic Compounds: The aluminum oxide layer does not contain any VOC’s Warranty A 20-year limited warranty may be available upon request. Product Support Partners The anodized aluminum finish can be washed with mild soap and water followed by a clean water rinse. For more information on cleaning anodized aluminum, please refer to the Aluminum Association Publication 92, Care of Aluminum or AAMA 609 610-09, Cleaning and maintenance guide for architecturally finished aluminum. Maintenance and Cleaning Document No: GUNMETAL.M.201510.R0 Availability The standard lead time for stocked gauges and widths is two weeks for anodizing and one week for any secondary services such as slitting, shearing and applying transparent protective films or paper.

Additional Information:

  • Minimum Order Quantity: 1 Kilogram
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